Ukraine: We Must Not Give Up

Appeal to the Heads of State and Government of the member countries of the Ramstein coalition

28 February 2024

Some European countries continue to offer only extremely modest bilateral military aid to Ukraine. Italy, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Luxembourg and France are among the most parsimonious members of the Ramstein coalition. They are thus taking advantage of the generosity of their allies, betraying their own past leadership and undermining the cohesion of Europe.

Bilateral military aid from Denmark (€3.5 billion), Norway (€3.6 billion) and the Netherlands (€2.5 billion) exceeds that from France, Italy and Spain. The United States contributes €44 billion, Germany €17 billion and the United Kingdom more than €6 billion.

The wartime economy called for by the French president in June 2022 has not materialised. While the production of Caesar self-propelled guns has been doubled, shell output is still no more than 3,000 rounds a month. This is despite the fact that shells are considered a priority, and that Ukraine requires hundreds of thousands of them monthly.

The volume of military aid from all the countries in the Ramstein coalition has reached its lowest level for many months, at €1 billion a month. Meanwhile, Russia has increased its defence budget by 68%, taking it to €106 billion. This compares with Ukraine’s budget of €43 billion.

Against this background, the debate between those who want to provide aid “for as long as it takes” and those who argue that Ukraine must receive whatever it needs “to win as quickly as possible” seems obsolete. We need to do both: provide arms in quantity and quality on the one hand, and over time on the other. And the countries that have so far been the most parsimonious should be the first to give a strong signal of long-term support in terms of quality and quantity.

Four squadrons of Rafales for Ukraine

Dassault Aviation is ready to double its production capacity, according to its CEO Eric Trappier. If this is true, France could rapidly provide Ukraine with two squadrons of Rafales (24 aircraft) under bilateral military aid and, with the agreement of the other EU member states, two additional squadrons under the European Peace Facility (EPF). Cost: around €5 billion.

80 Italian NH90 assault helicopters

It is a safe bet that Roberto Cingolani, CEO of Leonardo, would welcome the challenge of doubling production capacity for the NH90. This would enable Italy to quickly supply around forty assault helicopters and, again with the agreement of the other EU member states, around forty more under the EPF. Cost: around €3.5 billion.

Such strong signals would undoubtedly encourage other coalition countries to supply hundreds of Patriot, ATACMS, Taurus and Storm Shadow missiles, as well as 150 F-16s in addition to the 60 already planned.

As shown by the Budapest Memorandum, security guarantees are usually not worth the paper they are written on. Today, the only real guarantee of security we can offer Ukraine is to supply it with arms in sufficient quantity and quality. Tomorrow, “immediately after winning this war”, Ukraine will be, as President Biden has said, “part of NATO”.

Signatories:

Paula Dobriansky, former Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs, U.S.A.

Eugene Fama, Nobel Prize in Economics (2013), Robert R. McCormick Distinguished Service Professor of Finance, U.S.A.

Francis Fukuyama, Senior Fellow, Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law; Director, Ford Dorsey Masters in International Policy, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, U.S.A.

Timothy Garton Ash, Professor of European Studies, St Antony’s College, University of Oxford, Isaiah Berlin Professorial Fellow, U.K.

Sandra Kalnieté, Member of the European Parliament, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, former E.U. Commissioner, Latvia

David J. Kramer, former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights & Labor

Vytautas Landsbergis, former President of the Republic of Lithuania

Roger Myerson, Nobel Prize in Economics (2007), Professor of Economics and Public Policy, University of Chicago, U.S.A.

Andrei Piontkovsky, political scientist, former member of the Russian Opposition Coordination Council, Visiting Fellow at Hudson Institute, Russia/U.S.A.

Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2016), Professor Emeritus, University of Strasbourg, France

Guy Verhofstadt, Member of the European Parliament, former Prime Minister of Belgium

Filippos Andrianos, Commodore (ret.), Hellenic Navy, Greece

Mart De Kruif, Lieutenant General (ret.), Netherlands

Jan Gavrila, Major General (ret.), Romania

Gert-Johannes Hagemann, Major General (ret.), German Army, Berlin, Germany

Sir Christopher Harper, Air Marshal (ret.), former Director General NATO International Military Staff, U.K.

Willy Herteleer, Admiral (ret.), former Belgian Chief of Defence

Jean Paul Perruche, General (ret.), former Director General of the European Union military staff, France

Marc Thys, Lieutenant General (ret.), former Vice Chief of Defense, Belgium

Pekka Toveri, Major General (ret.), Member of Parliament, Finland

Klaus Wittmann, Brigadier General (ret.), lecturer in contemporary history, Potsdam University, Germany

Jean-Christophe Abramovici, Professor, Director of the French and Comparative Literature Department at Sorbonne University, France

Gian Paolo Accardo, cofounder and Editor-in-Chief, Voxeurop, Belgium/France

Felix Ackermann, Professor for Public History, FernUniversität in Hagen, Germany

Cengiz Aktar, Professor of Political Science, University of Athens

Sergey Alexeev, ​health economist​, Senior Research Fellow, University of Sydney, Australia

Milagros Alvarez-Verdugo, Associate Professor of International Law & E.U. Law, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain

Vera Ammer, board member of Memorial International, Member of the Democratic Ukraine Initiative, Euskirchen, Germany

Katarina Ammitzboll, former Member of Parliament, Denmark

Guillaume Ancel, Lieutenant Colonel (ret.), writer, essayist, author of the blog Ne Pas Subir, France

Olga Andriewsky, Professor of History, Trent University, Canada

Anthony Arnull, Emeritus Professor of European Law, University of Birmingham, U.K.

Martin Aust, Professor of Eastern European History, Chairman of the Association of Eastern European Historians, University of Bonn, Germany

Petras Austrevicius, Member of the European Parliament, Lithuania

Nicolas Auzanneau, translator, France/Belgium

Serge Avedikian, actor and director, France

Filiz Tutku Aydın, Assistant Professor, Social Sciences, University of Ankara, Turkey

Audronius Ažubalis, Member of Parliament, deputy chair of the European Affairs Committee, former Foreign Affairs Minister, Lithuania

Klaus Bachmann, Professor of social sciences, SWPS University, Warsaw, Poland

Licia Bagini, Senior Lecturer in Italian Language and Civilisation, Vice Dean International Relations, Université de Poitiers, France

Jars Balan, Director, Kule Ukrainian Canadian Studies Centre, Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, University of Alberta

Margarita M. Balmaceda, Professor of Diplomacy and International Relations, Seton Hall University, U.S.A.

Marta Barandiy, President, Promote Ukraine, Brussels, Belgium

Christine Baron, Professor of Comparative Literature, University of Poitiers, France

Oksana Bashuk Hepburn, former Director of the Canadian Human Rights Commission, founding member of the Canadian Group for Democracy in Ukraine, Canada

Claudia Basta, Senior Scientist, Utrecht University Fellow, treasurer of Science for Democracy, Netherlands

Gilles Bataillon, sociologist, Director of Studies at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), France

Pierre Bayard, Professor Emeritus at the University of Paris 8, France

Stefan Bayer, Professor for Military and Environmental Economics, German Institute for Defence and Strategic Studies (GIDS), Helmut-Schmidt-University, Hamburg, Germany

Daniel. T. Beauvois, former Director of the Centre for French Civilisation, University of Warsaw, France

Kris Beckers, Honorary Consul of Ukraine in Belgium

Mark R. Beissinger, Henry W. Putnam Professor of Politics, Princeton University, U.S.A.

Germà Bel, Professor of Economics at Universitat de Barcelona, Spain

Ondřej Benešík, Member of Parliament, Czech Republic

Martine Benoit, Professor of Germanic Studies, University of Lille, France

Marco Bentivogli, industry and labour innovation policy expert, Coordinator of “Base Italia”

Gérard Bensussan, philosopher, Professor Emeritus at the University of Strasbourg, France

Alberto Berretti, Lecturer, Mathematical Analysis, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy

Olga Bertelsen, Associate Professor of Global Security and Intelligence, Tiffin University, U.S.A.

Dietrich Beyrau, Professor Emeritus, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Germany

Martin Bialecki, Editor-in-Chief, Internationale Politik (IP), Germany

Florin Bilbiie, Professor of Economics, University of Cambridge, U.K.

Annick Bilobran-Karmazyn, President of ADVULE, France

Volodymyr Bilotkach, Associate Professor in Aviation Management, Purdue University, co Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Air Transport Management, U.S.A.

Steven Blockmans, Director of Research at CEPS, Senior Fellow at ICDS (Tallinn), Editor-in-Chief of the European Foreign Affairs Review, Professor, College of Europe, Belgium

Thomas Boccon-Gibod, Lecturer in Philosophy of politics, law and standards, Grenoble Alpes University, France

Katrin Boeckh, Professor for the History of Eastern Europe, Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies Regensburg, LMU Munich, Germany

Giovanni Boggero, Assistant Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Turin, Italy

Vassilios Bogiatzis, research and teaching Associate, Panteion University, Athens, Greece

Etienne Boillet, Senior Lecturer in Italian Studies, University of Poitiers, France

Etienne Boisserie, Professor of the History of Modern and Contemporary Central Europe, Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, Paris, France

Michele Boldrin, Professor of Economics in Arts and Sciences, Chair of the Department of Economics, Washington University in Saint-Louis, U.S.A.

Denys Bondar, Associate Professor, Tulane University, U.S.A.

Igor Boni, President, Radicali Italiani

Marie-Anne Bonucci, Professor of Contemporary History, Université de Paris 8, France

Dominique Bourg, Honorary Professor, University of Lausanne, Switzerland

Alain Bourges, videographer, writer, retired senior art teacher, Ecole Européenne Supérieure d’Art de Bretagne, Rennes, France

Jean-Loup Bourget, Emeritus Professor of film studies, Ecole Normale Supérieure, France

John Bowis, former Member of the European Parliament and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom

Yordan Bozhilov, President of the Sofia Security Forum, former Deputy Minister of Defense of Bulgaria

Sarah Brajbart-Zajtman, philosopher, journalist, former Director of “Regards”, Belgium

Alberto Bramati, Associate Professor, French Linguistics, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy

Gastone Breccia, military historian, Researcher at University of Pavia, Italy

Thomas Bremer, Emeritus Professor of Eastern Christian Studies, University of Münster, Germany

Michel Briand, Professor Emeritus of classics, University of Poitiers, France

Giovanna Brogi, Emeritus Professor, Milan University, Italy

Mariana Budjeryn, Senior Research Associate, Harvard Kennedy School Belfer Center, Project on Managing the Atom, U.S.A.

Giovanni Caggiano, Professor of Economics and Management, University of Padua, Italy

Daniela Caglioti, Professor of Contemporary History, University of Naples Federico II, Italy

Michel Caillouët, former Ambassador of the European Union, President of the Union of European Federalists, France

Marc Capelle, journalist & author, former Director of the ESJ Lille School of Journalism, France

Marco Cappato, former Member of the European Parliament, Italy

Paulo Casaca, former Member of the Portuguese Parliament and of the European Parliament

Arnaud Castaignet, Vice-President of a European technology company, France

Francesco Matteo Cataluccio, writer and essayist, Italy

Giovanni Catelli, writer, poet, Eastjournal correspondent, Italy

Giuliano Cazzola, journalist, entrepreneur, former Member of Parliament and former trade unionist, Italy

Lorenzo Ceva Valla, photographer and Director, Milan, Italy

Fabien Chevalier, Honorary Chairman of Sauvons l’Europe, national board member of the European Movement, France

Igor Chocholak, Head of the Association of Ukrainians in Belgium

Walter Clemens, Associate, Harvard Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies and Professor Emeritus of Political Science, Boston University, U.S.A.

Daniel Coche, writer-director-producer, former Lecturer at the University of Strasbourg, France

Mélodie Combot, Associate Professor, Law Faculty, Université d’Amiens, France

John Connelly, Sidney Hellman Ehrman Professor, University of California at Berkeley, U.S.A.

Catherine Coquio, writer, Professor of Comparative Literature at Paris-Diderot University, co-founder of the Syria-Europe Committee, France

Jacques Crémer, Professor of economics, Toulouse School of Economics, France

Georges Dallemagne, Member of Parliament, Belgium

Christophe D’Aloisio, Researcher affiliated to the Research Institute Religions, Spiritualities, Cultures, Societies (RSCS, UCLouvain), Belgium

Andriy Danylenko, Professor of Russian and Slavic Linguistics, Pace University, U.S.A.

Pierre d’Argent, Professor of International Law, University of Louvain, member of the Institute of International Law, Belgium

Francesco D’Arrigo, Director of the Italian Institute of Strategic Studies, Italy

Annie Daubenton, journalist, essayist and consultant, specialising in Central and Eastern Europe (Poland, Russia, Ukraine), France

Françoise Daucé, Director of the Centre for Russian, Caucasian and Central European Studies (CERCEC / EHESS), France

Julia David, Associate Member of the Institute of Modern and Contemporary History (CNRS/ENS), France

Franziska Davies, Fellow at the Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung (ZZF) Potsdam, Germany

Bernard De Backer, sociologist, Author, Brussels, Belgium

Costantino De Blasi, economist, founder of Liberi Oltre le Illusioni (Free Beyond Illusions), Italy

Martine de Gaudemar, philosopher, Professor Emeritus at the University of Paris Nanterre, France

Isabelle de Mecquenem, Philosophy teacher and member of the Conseil des sages de laïcité of the French Ministry of Education

Sébastien Denis, Professor at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, France

Gérard Deprez, Minister of State, Belgium

Tatyana Deryugina, Associate Professor and Shebik Faculty Fellow, University of Illinois, U.S.A.

Guillaume Devin, Professor Emeritus, Sciences Po Paris, France

Orest Deychakiwsky, Co-chair, Transatlantic Task Force for Ukraine, former senior policy advisor, U.S. Helsinki Commission, U.S.A.

Christian Dietrich, former Member of the Anti-Communist Resistance in Germany, Protestant pastor, Erfurt, Germany

Martin Dietze, President of the German-Ukrainian Society of Culture (Deutsch-Ukrainischer Kulturverein e.V.), Publicist, Germany

Massimiliano Di Pasquale, research associate at the Gino Germani Institute of Social Sciences and Strategic Studies and Head of the Ukraine Observatory (Rome), Italy

Steffen Dobbert, journalist, author of „Ukraine verstehen“, Klett-Cotta-Verlag, Berlin, Germany

Elise Domenach, Lecturer in film studies at the École normale supérieure in Lyon, France

Stéphane Dorin, Professor of Sociology, University of Limoges, France

Françoise Dubor, Professor of literature and theatre studies at the University of Poitiers, France

Jean-Bernard Dupont-Melnyczenko, Professor of history, honorary Dean of the College of IA IPRs of the Académie d’Amiens, France

Olivier Dupuis, former Member of the European Parliament, Belgium/Italy

Emmanuel Dupuy, President of the Institute for Prospective and Security in Europe (IPSE), France

Robert Eberhart, Associate Professor, University of San Diego, U.S.A.

Marc Elie, Research Fellow at the CNRS, deputy director of the Center for Russian, Caucasian and Central European Studies – Cercec, France

Michel Eltchaninoff, philosopher, journalist and essayist, Editor-in-Chief of Philosophie magazine, France

Michael Emerson, Associate Senior Research Fellow at Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Belgium

Nino Evgenidze, Executive Director at the Economic Policy Research Center (EPRC), Georgia

Martin Exner, Member of Parliament, Czech Republic

Jean-Louis Fabiani, Emeritus Professor of Sociology and social anthropology at the Central European University, Vienna, Member of Academia Europaea, France/Austria

Marta Farion, President, Kyiv-Mohyla Foundation of America, U.S.A.

Penelope Faulkner, Vice-president of Quê Me: Action for Democracy in Vietnam, France

Vita Faychuk, Professor of Economics and Finance, Gustavus Adolphus College, U.S.A

Tomáš Fiala, Senator, Czech Republic

Jan Fidrmuc, Professor, IESEG School of Management, Université of Lille, France

Andrej Findor, Associate Professor at Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia

Rory Finnin, Associate Professor of Ukrainian Studies, Fellow, Robinson College, University of Cambridge, U.K.

Joerg Forbrig, Managing Director, Transatlantic Trusts, German Marshall Fund of the United States, Germany

Claude Forest, Professor Emeritus, University of Strasbourg, France

Alexandre François, CNRS Scholar in linguistics, France

Renée Fregosi, philosopher, Director of Research in political science, University of Paris 3-Sorbonne Nouvelle, France

Gerald Friedman, Professor of Economics, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, U.S.A.

Daniel Friedmann, sociologist, film-maker, CNRS-EHESS, France

Reinhard Frötschner, Assistant Editor at the Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies (IOS), Regensburg, Germany

Ralf Fücks, Director, Center for Liberal Modernity, Berlin, Germany

Mischa Gabowitsch, Lise Meitner Fellow, Research Center for the History of Transformations (RECET), University of Vienna, Austria

Philippe Gabriel, Senior Lecturer in education and training, LIRDEF, Avignon Université, France

Xavier Galmiche, Professor of Central European Studies at the Slavic Studies, Department of the University of Paris-IV Sorbonne, France

Natalia Gamalova, Professor of Russian Language and Literature, Department of Slavic Studies, University of Lyon 3, France

Nicolas Gavoille, Associate Professor, Stockholm School of Economics in Riga, Latvia

Lucyna Gebert, Professor of Slavic Linguistics, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

Michael Gentile, Professor of Human Geography, University of Oslo, Norway

Aleksandar Georgiev, Colonel (ret.), Bulgaria

Michael Gerten, philosopher, Lecturer in philosophy and political theory, University of Bamberg, Germany

Catherine Gery, Professor of Russian literature and cinema at Inalco, Co-director of the Europes-Eurasia Research Centre (CREE), France

Fabio Ghironi, Paul F. Glaser Professor of Economics, University of Washington, U.S.A.

Mridula Ghosh, Senior Lecturer, Department of International Relations, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine

Anke Giesen, board member of Memorial International and Memorial Deutschland, Berlin, Germany

Josip Glaurdić, Professor, head of the Institute of Political Science, University of Luxembourg

Witold Gnauck, Executive Director of the German-Polish Science Foundation‚ Germany

Sébastien Gobert, journalist, France/Ukraine

Christian Godin, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, University of Clermont-Ferrand, France

Anne Godlewska, Professor Emeritus of geography, Queen’s University, Canada

Odile Goerg, Emeritus Professor of the History of Contemporary Africa, Université Paris Cité, France

Bernard Golse, psychoanalyst, psychiatrist, Professor at Université Paris V-René Descartes, founder of the Institut Contemporain de l’Enfance, France

Svetlana Gorshenina, historian, art historian, historiographer and specialist on Central Asia, Director of Research, CNRS Eur’Orbem, Université Paris-Sorbonne, France

Paul Gragl, Professor of European Law, University of Graz, Austria

Iegor Gran, writer, France

Andrea Graziosi, professor of Contemporary History, University of Naples Federico II, Italy

Michael Grinfeld, Reader, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Strathclyde, U.K.

Paul Grod, President of the Ukrainian World Congress, U.S.A.

Tomasz Grzegorz Grosse, Professor, head of the Department of European Union Policies, Institute of European Studies, University of Warsaw, Poland

Iulian Groza, Executive Director, Institute for European Policies and Reforms (IPRE), Moldova

Yaryna Grusha, writer, translator, Adjunct Professor, Università degli Studi of Milan, Italy

Jaroslaw Gryz, Professor, Faculty of Security, War Studies University, Warsaw, Poland

Danilo Guaitoli, clinical assistant Professor, Department of Economics, New York University, U.S.A.

Raphaëlle Guidée, Senior Lecturer, IUF / University of Poitiers, France

Andrea Gullotta, Professor, University of Palermo, Italy

Dóra Győrffy, Professor of Economics, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary

Guy Haarscher, philosopher, Professor Emeritus, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Honorary Professor, College of Europe, Belgium

Daniel S. Hamilton, President, Transatlantic Leadership Network, U.S.A.

Kate Hansen Bundt, Secretary General, Norwegian Atlantic Committee, Norway

Atte Harjanne, Member of Parliament, Finland

Rebecca Harms, former Member of the European Parliament, former Co-Chair of the EURO-NEST Parliamentary Assembly, Lüchow-Dannenberg, Germany

Mark Harrison, Emeritus Professor of Economics, University of Warwick, U.K.

Patrick Hassenteufel, Professor of Political Science at the University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines and Researcher at CESDIP/CNRS, France

Jakob Hauter, University College London PhD graduate and book author, U.K./Germany

Pavel Havlicek, Research Fellow at the Association for International Affairs (AMO), Czech Republic

Nicolas Hayoz, Professor, European and Slavic Studies, University of Fribourg, Switzerland

Moshe Hazan, Professor of Economics, Monash University, Australia

Nathalie Heinich, sociologist, Director of Research at the CNRS, France

Richard Herzinger, columnist, Berlin, Germany

Christophe Hillion, Professor of European Law, University of Oslo, Norway

Marek Hilšer, Senator, Czech Republic

Markéta Hodouskova, President of the Czech-In association and the Kino Visegrad association for the promotion of Central Europe, France

Anton Hofreiter, Chairman of the Committee on European Union Affairs of the Bundestag, Germany

Kate Holland, Associate Professor, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, University of Toronto, Canada

Marie Holzman, Sinologist, President of Solidarité Chine, France

Cyril Hovorun, Professor, University College Stockholm, Sweden

Ulrich Huygevelde, Coordinator of the Géopolis photojournalism centre in Brussels and of the Euradio editorial team, Belgium

Olena Ivus, Associate Professor and E. Marie Shantz fellow of Business, Economics, Smith School of Business, Queen’s University, Canada

Peter Jackson, Professor, Chair in Global Security, University of Glasgow, Executive Director of the Scottish Council on Global Affairs, U.K.

Hubertus Jahn, Professor Emeritus of the History of Russia and the Caucasus, University of Cambridge, Fellow, Clare College, Cambridge, U.K.

Rune Jansen Hagen, Professor of Economics, University of Bergen, Norway

Krystyna Jaworska, Professor of Polish Language and Literature, University of Turin, Italy

Steven Jobbitt, Associate Professor of Russian and East European History, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Canada

Luba Jurgenson, writer, translator, Professor of Russian literature at the Université Paris-Sorbonne, France

Ieva Kačinskaitė-Urbonienė, Member of Parliament, Lithuania

Martin Kahanec, Professor, Economics, Business and Management Sciences, Academia Europaea, Director, The Shattuck Center for Human Rights, Austria

Karl-Heinz Kamp, former special Advisor, German Ministry of Defence, Germany

Andreas Kappeler, Emeritus Professor of Eastern European History, University of Vienna, Austria

Ewa Karwowski, Lecturer in Development Economics, King’s College London, U.K.

Christian Kaunert, Professor of International Security Policy, Dublin City University and University of South Wales

Lucie Kempf, Lecturer, Russian language and literature, Université de Lorraine, France

Isabelle Kersimon, Honorary President of the Institut de Recherche et d’Etudes sur les Radicalités (Inrer), France

Anita Khachaturova, Doctoral Researcher in political science, Cevipol, ULB, Belgium

Natalia Khanenko-Friesen, Professor, Huculak Chair of Ukrainian Culture and Ethnography, University of Alberta, Canada

Doug Klain, Non-resident Fellow, Eurasia Center, Atlantic Council, U.S.A.

Bohdan Klid, Research Associate, Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, University of Alberta

Nikolai Klimeniouk, journalist and head of the Initiative Quorum Program at the NGO European Exchange, Berlin, Germany

Aleksandr Ključnikov, Professor of Enterprise economics and management, European Centre for Business Research, Pan-European University, Czech Republic

Saskia Kluit, Senator, Netherlands

Gerd Koenen, historian, publicist and author of “The Russia Complex: The Germans and the East 1900-1945”, Frankfurt (Main), Germany

Wolfgang Koeth, Senior Lecturer, European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA), Maastricht, Netherlands

Zenon E. Kohut, Professor Emeritus, Classics and Religion, and former director of the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, University of Alberta, Canada

Ondřej Kolář, Member of Parliament, Czech Republic

Miroslav Kollár, former Member of Parliament, Slovakia

Ann Komaromi, Professor, Centre for Comparative Literature and Slavic Languages and Literatures, Victoria College Fellow, University of Toronto, Canada

Leon Kosals, Professor, University of Toronto, Canada

Oskar Kowalewski, Professor of Finance, IESEG School of Management, France

Oksana Kozlova, Lecturer in Russian, Faculty of Letters, Translation and Communication, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium

Lyudmyla Kozlovska, President, Open Dialogue Foundation, Brussels, Belgium

Leo Krasnozhon, Assistant Professor of Economics, Loyola University New Orleans, U.S.A.

Joachim Krause, Professor Emeritus University of Kiel, Director Emeritus Institute for Security Policy at Kiel University (ISPK), Germany

Volodymyr Kravchenko, Professor, Department of History, Classics and Religion, University of Alberta, Canada

Eerik-Niiles Kross, Member of Parliament, former director of intelligence, Estonia

Olha Krupa, Associate Professor of Public Administration, Seattle University, U.S.A.

Jacek Kucharczyk, President of the Institute of Public Affairs (IPA), Poland

Marek Kuchciński, Member of Parliament, Poland

Lorenz Kueng, Associate Professor, University of Lugano, Switzerland

Batu Kutelia, Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute, former ambassador to the U.S., Georgia

Justine Lacroix, Professor, Department of Political Science, Director of the Centre for Political Theory, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium

Bertrand Lambolez, Professor of Neuroscience, Director of research INSERM, Vice-President of the NPO “Pour l’Ukraine, pour leur Liberté et la Nôtre”, France

Karel Lannoo, Chief Executive officer of the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Belgium

Vladyslav Lanovoy, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Laval University, Canada

Eric Lecerf, Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy, Université Paris VIII, France

Aurélie Ledoux, Senior Lecturer, University of Paris Nanterre, France

Sonia Le Gouriellec, Associate Professor in Political Sciences, Lille catholic University, France

Atis Lejins, former Member of Parliament, founder of the Latvian Institute of International Affairs, Latvia

Nathalie Lemaire, Lecturer, School of Translation and Interpreting ISTI-Cooremans ULB, Belgium

Sarah Leonard, Professor of International Security, University of South Wales, U.K.

Mathieu Lericq, Researcher in Film Studies, Université Paris 8 Vincennes Saint-Denis, France

Frank Ledwidge, Senior Lecturer in War Studies, University of Portsmouth, U.K.

Rūta Liepiņa, translator, Belgium

Sylvie Lindeperg, Professor at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and emeritus member of the Institut Universitaire de France

Jonathan Littell, writer, Prix Goncourt, France

Frédérique Longuet Marx, Anthropologist, Associate Member of CETOBAC (EHESS), France

Mihhail Lotman, Emeritus Professor, Tallinn University, Research Professor, University of Tartu, former Member of Parliament, Estonia

Lubomyr Luciuk, Professor, Department of Political Science and Economics, Royal Military College of Canada

Volodymyr Lugovskyy, Associate Professor of Economics, director of Graduate Studies, Indiana University, U.S.A.

Joep Lustenhouwer, Assistant Professor, economics, Heidelberg University, Germany

Euan MacDonald, journalist, Kyiv, Ukraine

Neil MacFarlane, Professor Emeritus, Oxford University, U.K.

Jaak Madison, Member of the European Parliament, Estonia

Robert Maier, historian, sovietologist, textbook expert, Germany

Pandeli Majko, former Prime Minister of Albania

Martin Malek, Political Scientist, author & editor of books, Vienna, Austria

Daria Malova, Professor of Political Science, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia

Silvja Manzi, former secretary of Radicali Italiani

Matteo Marchesini, poet, storyteller and literary critic, Italy

Damien Marguet, Associate Professor, Co-Head of Film Studies Department, Université Paris 8 Vincennes Saint-Denis, France

Murman Margvelashvili, Associate Professor and director of Energy and Sustainability Institute at ISU, Georgia

Jean Mariani, Emeritus Professor, Sorbonne Université Paris, France

Luigi Marinelli, Professor of literature, Department of European, American and Intercultural Studies, “La Sapienza” University of Rome, Italy

Marie Martin, Senior Lecturer in film studies, University of Poitiers, France

Eric Marty, writer, Professor Emeritus, University of Paris, France

Myroslav Marynovych, President of the Institute of Religion and Society of the

Ukrainian Catholic University in Lviv, former prisoner of conscience (1977-1987), Ukraine

Alain Maskens, physician, oncologist, founder and former medical coordinator of the European Organization for Cooperation in Cancer Prevention Studies (ECP), Belgium

Marie-Claude Maurel, Director of Studies at EHESS, Centre d’Études Russe, Caucasien et Centre-Européen, France

Frédéric Mauro, Associate Researcher at IRIS Paris, lawyer at the Brussels bar, Belgium

Rachel Mazuy, Associate Researcher at the Institut d’Histoire du Temps Présent, lecturer at Sciences Po Paris, France

Markus Meckel, former Foreign Minister and Member of the Bundestag, former Vice-President of NATO Parliamentary Assembly, Germany

Karen Melchior, Member of the European Parliament, Denmark

Alexandre Melnik, Professor at ICN Business School, expert and consultant in geopolitics, France

Marc-Emmanuel Mélon, Professor Emeritus, Faculty of Philosophy and Letters, University of Liège, Belgium

Arnaud Mercier, Professor of Information and Communications, Université Paris-Panthéon-Assas, France

Aude Merlin, Professor of political sciences, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium

Alexandre Met Domestici, Senior Lecturer in European Law and Public Law, Jean Monnet Chair, Sciences-Po Aix-en-Provence, France

Olaf Mertelsmann, Professor of East European History, University of Tartu, Estonia

Nona Mikhelidze, Senior Fellow, Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), Rome, Italy

Georg Milbradt, Professor, Faculty of Economics and Management Sciences, Dresden University of Technology, Germany

Rūta Miliūtė, Member of Parliament, Lithuania

Maksimas Milta, Associate Expert, Eastern Europe Studies Center, Lithuania

Ariane Mnouchkine, director, founder, Théâtre du Soleil, France

Johanna Möhring, Associate Researcher, Centre Thucydide, Paris Panthéon Assas, and associate fellow, CASSIS, University of Bonn, Germany

Olivier Mongin, writer, essayist and editor, director of Esprit magazine from 1988 to December 2012, France

Jean-Sylvestre Mongrenier, Professor of history and geography and researcher at the Institut Français de Géopolitique (University of Paris VIII), France

Emmanuel Morucci, Chairman of CECI (Cercle Europe Citoyennetés et Identités), France

Michael Moser, Professor at the Institute of Slavic Studies at the University of Vienna, Austria

Oleksandra Moskalenko, Visiting Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science, U.K.

Alexander Motyl, Professor of Political Science, Rutgers University-Newark, U.S.A.

Jan Muś, analyst, Poland

Jan Musekamp, Visiting Associate Professor, University of Pittsburgh, U.S.A.

Vlad Mykhnenko, Associate Professor of Sustainable Urban Development, research fellow, St. Peter’s College, University of Oxford, U.K.

Jaroslav Naď, former Defence Minister, Slovakia

Véronique Nahoum-Grappe, Anthropologist, Researcher at EHESS, Centre Edgar Morin, France

Norman M. Naimark, McDonnell Professor Emeritus, Stanford University, U.S.A.

Boris Najman, Associate Professor and Researcher in Economics at University Paris East Créteil, France

Harry Nedelcu, Director of Policy and Business Development, Rasmussen Global, Brussels, Belgium

Isabelle Négrier, President and founder of the COEUR association, Citizen Open European for Ukraine Roofs, France

Alvydas Nikžentaitis, Professor of history, director of the Lithuanian Institute of History, Vilnius, Lithuania

James Nixey, Director, Russia-Eurasia and Europe Programmes, Chatham House, London, U.K.

Lydia Obolensky, Professor of Russian Language and Literature, Belgium

Hayato Josef Okamura, Member of Parliament, Czech Republic

Ong Thong Hoeung, writer, survivor of the Khmer Rouge re-education camps, Belgium/Cambodia

Mitchell A. Orenstein, Professor of Russian and East European Studies, University of Pennsylvania, Senior Fellow at Foreign Policy Research Institute, U.S.A.

Natalia Ostach, President of the Union of Ukrainian Women in Belgium

Oxana Pachlovska, Professor, Ukrainian Language, Linguistics, and Literature, Fundamentals of Slavic Interculture, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Italy

Doris Pack, President of EPP Women, president of the Robert Schuman Institute, former member of the European Parliament and the Bundestag, Germany

Urmas Paet, Member of the European Parliament, former Foreign Affairs Minister, Estonia

Carmelo Palma, journalist, Director of Strade-on-line, Italy

Oleksandr Pankieiev, Editor-in-chief of the Forum for Ukrainian Studies at the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, University of Alberta, Canada

Filipe Papança, Professor at the Military Academy (Amadora), Portugal

Taline Papazian, Lecturer, Sciences Po Aix, France

Leopoldo Papi, publisher, journalist and editor of Public Policy, Italy

Nicoletta Parisi, Vice-President of the European Movement in Italy

Vittorio Emanuele Parsi, Professor of International Relations, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan, Italy

Lyudmila Parts, Professor, Languages, Literatures, and Cultures, McGill University, Canada

Mark Pauly, Professor Emeritus of Health Care Management and Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, U.S.A.

Žygimantas Pavilionis, Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Lithuanian Parliament

Anne-Marie Pelletier, Emeritus Professor of Literature, Université Gustave Eiffel, France

Marie Peltier, historian, specialist in propaganda, visiting Professor at UCL and IHECS, Belgium

Marco Perduca, former Senator, Italy

Maria Perrotta Berlin, Assistant Professor, Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics (SITE), Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden

Andreas Petersen, Author and Lecturer in contemporary history, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland

Hans-Christian Petersen, historian, Professor, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Germany

Franck Petiteville, Professor of Political Science, Grenoble Institute of Political Studies, France

Tomas Petricek, former Foreign Affairs Minister, Senior non-resident fellow at the Institute of International Relations, Prague, Czech Republic

Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern, Professor of History, Northwestern University, Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute Associate, U.S.A.

Eric Picard, Child Psychiatrist, Director, Association for the Memory of the Shoah, Belgium

Jan Pieklo, Polish Ambassador to Ukraine (2016-2019)

Steven Pifer, former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine

Olha Pindyuk, economist, Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, Vienna, Austria

Steven Pinker, Professor, Cognitive Psychology, Harvard University, U.S.A.

Sylvie Plane, Professor Emeritus, Sorbonne University, France

Susanne Pocai, Author, staff member of the Faculty of Life Sciences, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany

Andrzej Podraza, Professor, Political Science, Head of the Department of International Relations and Security, Catholic University of Lublin, Poland

Alla Poedie, President of the Franco-Ukrainian Business Club, geopolitical analyst,

columnist, France/Ukraine

Alain Policar, Associate Researcher at Cevipof (Sciences Po), France

Antony Polonsky, Emeritus Professor of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University, U.S.A.

Sergey V. Popov, Senior Lecturer, Cardiff University, U.K.

Maria Popova, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, McGill University, scientific co-director, Jean Monnet Centre Montreal, Canada

Elena Poptodorova, Vice President of the Atlantic Club of Bulgaria, former Ambassador to the U.S., former member of Parliament

Piotr Porayski-Pomsta, Author, translator, France

Perrine Poupin, Associate Research Professor at CNRS, Ambiances Architectures Urbanités Laboratory, Grenoble, France

Christophe Prochasson, historian, Director of studies at EHESS, France

Bohdan Prots, associate professor, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine

Wojciech Przybylski, Editor-in-Chief of Visegrad Insight and chairman of Res Publica Foundation, Warsaw, Poland

Paolo Puppa, Professor (ret.), University of Venice, academic playwright and writer, Italy

Laura Quercioli Mincer, Professor of Polish Literature, University of Genoa, Italy

Eva Quistorp, Theologian, political scientist and writer, former member of the European Parliament, Germany

Alain Rabatel, Emeritus Professor of Language Sciences, University of Lyon, France

Utz Rachowski, poet and former East German political prisoner, Germany

Waleria Radziejowska-Hahn, member of the Program Board of Lew Kopelew Forum Cologne, Germany

Yasha Reibman, Psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, Italy

Adam Reichardt, Editor in Chief, New Eastern Europe, Poland

Iwona Reichardt, board member, Jan Nowak Jeziorański College of Eastern Europe

(KEW), Kraków, Poland

Urmas Reinsalu, Member of Parliament, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Estonia

Thijs Reuten, Member of the European Parliament, Netherlands

Marie-Pierre Rey, historian and political scientist, professor of Russian and Soviet history, University Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne, France

Aaron Rhodes, former Executive Director of the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights; President, Forum for Religious Freedom-Europe, U.S.A.

Roberto Ricciuti, Associate Professor of Economic Policy, University of Verona, Italy

Christina Riek, translator, board member of Memorial Deutschland

Hugh Roberts, Professor of French Renaissance Literature, director of Research and Impact Languages, Cultures and Visual Studies, University of Exeter, U.K.

Christian Rocca, Linkiesta editorial Director, Italy

Maren Röger, Director, Leibniz Institute for the History and Culture of Eastern Europe (GWZO), Professor of History, University of Leipzig, Germany

Stefan Rohdewald, Professor, Head of the Chair of East and Southeast European History, University of Leipzig, Germany

Jesper Roine, Deputy Director, Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics, Professor of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden

Gerard Roland, Professor of Economics and of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley, U.S.A.

Pedro Roque, Member of Parliament, Vice-President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM), Portugal

Per Anders Rudling, Associate Professor of History, Lund University, Sweden

Marie-Claude San Juan, Author and columnist, France

Andrei Sannikov, Chairman of the European Belarus Foundation, former Deputy foreign Minister, former prisoner of conscience, Belarus

Dany Savelli, Lecturer in Russian Studies, Toulouse – Jean Jaurès University, France

Sebastian Schäfer, Member of the Bundestag, Germany

Sebastian Schäffer, Political Scientist, author, managing director of the Institute for the Danube Region and Central Europe, Vienna, Austria

Stefanie Schiffer, Director, European Exchange, Germany

Frank Schimmelfennig, Professor, head of the Chair of European Politics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland

Karl Schlögel, Professor Emeritus, East European History, Berlin, Germany

Oxana Schmies, historian, Political Analyst, Berlin, Germany

Benjamin L. Schmitt, Senior Fellow, University of Pennsylvania, Associate, Harvard-Ukrainian Research Institute, Harvard University, U.S.A.

Dominique Schnapper, Director of Studies, EHESS, Honorary Member of the Constitutional Council, France

Anna Schor-Tschudnowskaja, researcher, Sigmund Freud University of Vienna, Austria

Manfred Schruba, Associate Professor, Studies in Language Mediation and Intercultural Communication, Università degli Studi di Milano Statale, Italy

Jonathan Schulz, Assistant Professor, George Mason University, U.S.A.

Steven Seegel, Professor of Slavic and Eurasian Studies, University of Texas at Austin, U.S.A.

Anton Shekhovtsov, Director, Centre for Democratic Integrity, Austria

Oxana Shevel, Associate Professor, Political Science, Tufts University, U.S.A.

Myroslav Shkandrij, Professor of Slavic Studies, University of Manitoba, Canada

Ilya Shpitser, John C. Malone Associate Professor of Computer Science, Johns Hopkins University, U.S.A.

Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski, Project Engineer, Centre for Russian, Caucasian and Central European Studies (CERCEC / EHESS), France

Ivan Simic, Assistant Professor, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Andras Simonyi, Visiting Scholar, George Washington University, former Hungarian Ambassador to NATO, Hungary

Adéla Šípová, Senator, Czech Republic

Olga Slivko, Assistant Professor in Information Systems, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands

Stanley R. Sloan, former Senior Specialist in International Security Policy, U.S. Congressional Research Service, U.S.A.

David Smoljak, Senator, Czech Republic

Malgorzata Smorag-Goldberg, Professor of Polish Studies at the Slavic Studies Department of Sorbonne Université, France

Michael Sohlman, former Chair of the Swedish Institute of International Affairs

Reinier Speelman, translator, Associate Professor, University of Utrecht, Netherlands

Raphaël Spina, historian, Ecole de l’Air et de l’Espace, France

Antonio Stango, Lecturer of International Organisations and Human Rights, Rome Link Campus University, Italy

Serhiy Stepanchuk, Professor of Macroeconomic, University of Southampton, U.K.

Lorenzo Strik-Lievers, historian, former Member of Parliament, Italy

Wally Struys, Professor Emeritus, defence economist, Royal Military Academy, Belgium

Raúl Suevos, Colonel (ret), former Director of Communication at the Eurocorps,

former Commander of the multinational HQ Battalion of Eurocorps, Spain

Romas Svedas, Associate Professor of Practice, Institute of International Relations and Political Science, Vilnius University, Lithuania

Marcin Święcicki, former Minister of Foreign Economic Relations, former Mayor of Warsaw, Poland

Frank Sysyn, Professor of History, Classics and Religion, and Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, University of Alberta

Oleksandr Talavera, Professor of Financial Economics, University of Birmingham, U.K.

Maxim Tarnawsky, Professor, University of Toronto, Canada

Ian Colin Taylor, former Member of Parliament, U.K.

William B. Taylor, former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine

Nicolai Teufel, DAAD Lecturer at Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine

Françoise Thom, historian and Sovietologist, Honorary Lecturer in contemporary history at the University of Paris-Sorbonne, France

Guy Thuillier, Senior Lecturer in Geography and Geopolitics, University of Toulouse, France

Steven Tian, Research Director of the Chief Executive Leadership Institute, Yale University, U.S.A.

Nathalie Tocci, Director of the Istituto Affari Internazionali, Rome, Italy

Valentin Tonchev, Member of Parliament, Bulgaria

Patrizia Tosini, Professor of Modern Art History, Roma Tre University, Italy

Florian Trauner, Jean Monnet Chair, Institute for European Studies, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Visiting Professor at the College of Europe, Belgium

Tytti Tuppurainen, Member of Parliament, leader of the Soc-Dem. Parliamentary Group, former minister for European Affairs, Finland

Oras Tynkkynen, Member of Parliament, Finland

Frank Umbach, Head of Research at the European Cluster for Climate, Energy and Resource Security, University of Bonn, Germany

Andreas Umland, Analyst, Stockholm Centre for Eastern European Studies, Sweden

Cécile Vaissié, Professor of Russian and Soviet Studies, University of Rennes 2, France

Romualdas Vaitkus, Member of Parliament, Lithuania

Cédric Van Appelghem, Senior Lecturer, Management Sciences, Université Paris Saclay, France

Sophie Vanhoonacker, Professor, Maastricht University, Netherlands

Maïrbek Vatchagaev, Chechen historian and political analyst of the North Caucasus at the Jamestown Foundation, co-editor of the journal “Caucasus Survey”

Jurgis Vedrickas, policy analyst, Lithuania

Olivier Védrine, professor, journalist, board member of Jean Monnet association, France

Sofia Ventura, Professor of Political Science, University of Bologna, Italy

Jean Vercueil, Professor of post-soviet and Russian economics, National Institute of Oriental Studies (Inalco), Paris, France

Gianni Vernetti, former Senator, former Undersecretary for Foreign Affairs, Italy

Anna Veselovska, Researcher, Tum School of Computation, Information and Technology, Technical University of Munich, Germany

Lina Vidauskyte, Professor at the Military Academy of Lithuania

Lynne Viola, FRSC, University Professor Emerita, University of Toronto, Canada

Guido Vitiello, writer, columnist, associate professor of Cinema and Visual Culture at La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy

Bohdan Vitvitsky, former U.S. Diplomat, former Special Advisor to Ukraine’s Prosecutor General, former U.S. Federal Prosecutor

Caroline von Gall, Junior Professor, Goethe University Frankfurt/Main, Deutsche Sacharow Society, Germany

Barbara von Ow-Freytag, journalist, Political Scientist, expert for civil society developments in Eastern Europe, Russia & Central Asia, Germany

Joachim von Puttkamer, Professor of Eastern European History, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Director of the Imre Kertész Kolleg, Germany

Alexa von Winning, Assistant Professor, Tübingen University, Germany

Hans-Joachim Voth, Professor of Economics, University of Zurich, Switzerland

Ricarda Vulpius, Professor for East European History, Münster University, Germany

Natalia Vysotska, Professor of European and American Literature, Kyiv National Linguistic University, Ukraine

Lukáš Wagenknecht, Senator, Czech Republic

Izabela Wagner, Professor of anthropology and sociology of migration at Paris-City University, Researcher at URMIS, Fellow at the French Institute for Migration Studies, France

Witold Waszczykowski, Member of the European Parliament, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Poland

Sir Graham Watson, Professor of E.U. Studies, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto, former Chair of the ALDE parliamentary Group in the European Parliament, U.K.

Nicolas Weill-Parot, Professor at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France

John Hubbel Weiss, Emeritus Associate Professor of history, former director, Institute for European Studies, Cornell University, U.S.A.

Nicolas Werth, Emeritus Research Director, CNRS, Chairman of Mémorial-France

Rolland Westreich, writer, Belgium

Sarah Whitmore, Senior Lecturer in Politics, Oxford Brookes University, U.K.

Bernd Wieser, Professor, University of Graz, Austria

Anna Wieslander, Chair of the Board, Institute for Security and Development Policy

(ISDP), Stockholm, Sweden

Martina Winkler, Professor of history at the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany

Alexander Wöll, Professor of Central European Literatures and Cultures, Potsdam University, Chair of the German Association of Ukrainian Studies (DAU), Germany

Cornelia Woll, Professor, President, Hertie School, University of Governance, Berlin, Germany

George Woloshyn, former Associate Director of the U.S. Federal Emergency

Management Agency and former Director of the Office of Federal Investigation at OPM, U.S.A.

Patrick Worms, President, International Union of Agroforestry, Belgium

Piotr J. Wróbel, Professor, Konstanty Reynert Chair of Polish Studies, University of Toronto, Canada

Irina Wutsdorff, Professor, Chair of Slavic Studies, University of Münster, Germany

Serhy Yekelchyk, Professor of History and Slavic Studies, University of Victoria, Canada

Helge Ytterøy, President, European Centre-Right LGBT+ Alliance, Norway

Pavel Žáček, Member of Parliament, Chairman of the Security Committee, Czech Republic

Andy Zapechelnyuk, Professor of Economics, University of Edinburgh, U.K.

Michal Zator, Assistant Professor of Finance, University of Notre Dame, U.S.A.

Paul Zawadzki, Senior Lecturer in Political Science at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France

Andriy Zayarnyuk, Professor, University of Winnipeg, Canada

Misha Zelinsky, Fulbright Scholar, national security expert, journalist, author, Australia

Miroslav Žiak, former Member of Parliament, Slovakia

Anna Zielinska, Lecturer in philosophy, University of Lorraine and Science Po Paris/Nancy, France

Emanuelis Zingeris, Member of Parliament, Deputy Chair of the Committee on European Affairs, Lithuania

Piotr Zoch, Assistant Professor, University of Warsaw and FAME | GRAPE, Poland

Othar Zourabichvili, President of the Georgian Association in France

Artūras Žukauskas, Member of Parliament, Chair of the Committee on Education and Science, Professor, former Rector of Vilnius University, Lithuania

Michael Zürn, Professor of International Relations, Social Science Research Centre, Free University Berlin, Germany

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