A Patchy Democracy

Bulgaria's Peacemeal Efforts to Cope with the Last Thirty Years

20 January 2020

Spasimir Domaradzki

Visegrad Insight Fellow

After thirty years, Bulgarian politics requires the reinvention of checks and balances, the division of powers and judiciary independence. At best, its mechanisms and ability to adapt to external and internal pressures make it a patchy democracy.

Upon landing in Sofia, the first impression tells it all about Bulgaria’s thirty years after transition. The new airport terminal 2 welcomes you with its jet bridges and wide corridors, offering a common standard among the better airports worldwide. The airport is well connected with the city through a new metro line, bus and relatively cheap taxis. The main road to the city centre is smooth and with no lights, as it has been since the 1980s.

On the way to the city centre, the modern glass and steel architecture interweaves with the communist-era apartment housings, which remain the living memory of the last thirty years.

A longer gaze at these communist relic buildings reveals three of the most characteristic aspects of the Bulgarian thirty years. What was once an emanation of material equality, these housings now epitomise post-communist inequality.

Subscribe

Democratic security comes at a price. What is yours? By subscribing or donating now gain access to analysis, forecasts and scenarios by leading analysts and reporters who monitor democratic risks and develop policy debate from Central Europe on Central Europe.

IndividualVAT included

€4/month €40/year

See all details

  • Access to all articles
  • Download all reports
  • Monthly foresights and risk analysis delivered by e-mail
  • Free invitation to one editorial board discussion to participate in deciding on the future direction of the Visegrad Insight (annual subscription only)
  • Weekly newsletter with most important highlights
  • Free delivery of two select hardcopies of Visegrad Insight reports (annual subscription only)
  • Free Visegrad Insight Podcast access
  • Visegrad Insight social media community groups invitation

CorporateVAT included

€99/month €999/year

See all details

  • Access to all articles for all team members (up to 10 users)
  • Download all reports
  • Monthly foresights and risk analysis delivered by e-mail
  • Once a year an on-demand tailored policy brief report (annual subscription only)
  • Personal invitations to Visegrad Insight Breakfasts with an exclusive group of diplomats, decision-makers, think-tankers and foreign correspondents in the region
  • Free invitation to one editorial board discussion to participate in deciding on the future direction of the Visegrad Insight (annual subscription only)
  • Weekly newsletter with most important highlights PLUS a first-month mention in the newsletter (annual subscription only)
  • Free delivery of up to 20 select hardcopies of Visegrad Insight reports
  • Free Visegrad Insight Podcast access PLUS a mention in four episodes (annual subscription only)
  • Visegrad Insight social media community groups invitations to all corporate users (annual subscription only)

Optional donation

Choose your contribution

See all details

  • Access to all articles
  • Download all reports
  • For every donation above 10 euros monthly foresights and risk analysis delivered by e-mail
  • One on demand tailored policy brief report for every donation above 600 euros
  • Invitations to select special events organised by Visegrad Insight for every donation above 99 euros
  • Free invitation to one editorial board discussion to participate in deciding on the future direction of the Visegrad Insight (annual subscription only with a minimum value of 1 euro per month)
  • Weekly newsletter with the most important highlights PLUS a mention in the newsletter for every donation above 25 euros
  • Delivery of a select report for a donation above 30 euros
  • Free Visegrad Insight Podcast access PLUS a podcast mention for every donation above 25 euros
  • Visegrad Insight social media community groups invitation

Can I receive an invoice?

Yes. You will receive a receipt immediately after purchase and a VAT invoice upon request. The subscription amount includes tax. In case of a donation, there is no tax.

Are my credit card details safe?

Yes. The payment is processed by STRIPE www.stripe.com entrusted also by Amazon, Zoom, Booking.com and used by other global NGOs and businesses in the world. We do not store your credit card details.

How modify or cancel my subscription?

At any moment you can manage your subscription and account details. Sign in to modify or cancel.

Spasimir Domaradzki

Visegrad Insight Fellow

Visegrad Insight Fellow. Researcher and lecturer at the Faculty of Political Science and International Studies of the University of Warsaw and Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Lazarski University in Warsaw.

Newsletter

Weekly updates with our latest articles and the editorial commentary.