France, Germany and Poland Need To Reinvigorate the Weimar Format For Strategic Policy

Poland must lead the way in reforming the security cooperation of the triangle

2 March 2023

Viktoryia Kolchyna

Marcin Król Fellow

Divergent strategic policies from Berlin, Paris and Warsaw are barriers for a more comprehensive European security framework. Raising the profile of the once more-symbolic Weimar Triangle could be the format for the three countries to work together in lockstep.

Originally, Franco-German relations were a milestone of the EU integration, and therefore, it has shaped most European mini-alliances. One of them emerged across the Franco-German axis in 1991 and was called the Weimar Triangle. It was a diplomatic grouping of France, Germany and Poland to help the latter to facilitate its democratic transition and connect the post-communist economy with theirs. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Poland wanted its command economy to recover and reach the Western market by developing economic ties with Paris and Berlin.

The Weimar Triangle (W3) included two of the most important European bilateralisms: German-Polish and Franco-German relations and did not have any permanent institutions or consultative mechanisms that pre-determined its marginal role in future EU affairs. That is to say, France, Germany and Poland saw Weimar as a symbolic partnership that did not stop them from pursuing strategic interests of their own.

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Viktoryia Kolchyna

Marcin Król Fellow

Viktoryia Kolchyna is a journalist and contributing author that has covered Human Rights topics for multiple networks including Belsat TV and Al Jazeera English. She worked on documentaries that won several awards, including NYF TV & Film Awards, Silver World Medal Film People & Power- Russia: The Orthodox Connection( 2019) and Nomination for Rory Peck Award from Al Jazeera People & Power- Armenia: Mining out the leopard (2019).

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