Sleepwalking through Transformation

What Regime Was Overthrown in Hungary in 1989?

25 December 2019

Hungarians avoid discussing what “goulash communism” was. Meanwhile, the future of Hungarian democracy depends also on the answer to the question whether it is worth giving up freedom in the name of relative prosperity.

In Hungary, the year 1989 is not an obvious turning point. Yes, there was a historic breakthrough – inspired by the events in Poland, the authorities and the opposition agreed during the talks at the local round table to change the political system and conduct free elections. The symbolic separation from the past was then the solemn funeral – and posthumous rehabilitation – of Imre Nagy, prime minister of the 1956 revolutionary government, executed, buried anonymously, and cursed into oblivion by the communist authorities.

Reburial of Imre Nagy

On that day, 16 June 1989, a quarter of a million people said goodbye in Budapest to Nagy – on the Heroes’ Square, where a ceremonial farewell took place (then only the family and friends escorted the casket to the cemetery).

Hungary also contributed to the collapse of the Eastern Bloc, by letting pass thousands of East German citizens to the West in the summer of 1989 – thus aiding to the dynamism that led to the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Subscribe

Democratic security comes at a price. What is yours? By subscribing or donating now gain access to analysis, forecasts and scenarios by leading analysts and reporters who monitor democratic risks and develop policy debate from Central Europe on Central Europe.

IndividualVAT included

€4/month €40/year

See all details

  • Access to all articles
  • Download all reports
  • Monthly foresights and risk analysis delivered by e-mail
  • Free invitation to one editorial board discussion to participate in deciding on the future direction of the Visegrad Insight (annual subscription only)
  • Weekly newsletter with most important highlights
  • Free delivery of two select hardcopies of Visegrad Insight reports (annual subscription only)
  • Free Visegrad Insight Podcast access
  • Visegrad Insight social media community groups invitation

CorporateVAT included

€99/month €999/year

See all details

  • Access to all articles for all team members (up to 10 users)
  • Download all reports
  • Monthly foresights and risk analysis delivered by e-mail
  • Once a year an on-demand tailored policy brief report (annual subscription only)
  • Personal invitations to Visegrad Insight Breakfasts with an exclusive group of diplomats, decision-makers, think-tankers and foreign correspondents in the region
  • Free invitation to one editorial board discussion to participate in deciding on the future direction of the Visegrad Insight (annual subscription only)
  • Weekly newsletter with most important highlights PLUS a first-month mention in the newsletter (annual subscription only)
  • Free delivery of up to 20 select hardcopies of Visegrad Insight reports
  • Free Visegrad Insight Podcast access PLUS a mention in four episodes (annual subscription only)
  • Visegrad Insight social media community groups invitations to all corporate users (annual subscription only)

Optional donation

Choose your contribution

See all details

  • Access to all articles
  • Download all reports
  • For every donation above 10 euros monthly foresights and risk analysis delivered by e-mail
  • One on demand tailored policy brief report for every donation above 600 euros
  • Invitations to select special events organised by Visegrad Insight for every donation above 99 euros
  • Free invitation to one editorial board discussion to participate in deciding on the future direction of the Visegrad Insight (annual subscription only with a minimum value of 1 euro per month)
  • Weekly newsletter with the most important highlights PLUS a mention in the newsletter for every donation above 25 euros
  • Delivery of a select report for a donation above 30 euros
  • Free Visegrad Insight Podcast access PLUS a podcast mention for every donation above 25 euros
  • Visegrad Insight social media community groups invitation

Can I receive an invoice?

Yes. You will receive a receipt immediately after purchase and a VAT invoice upon request. The subscription amount includes tax. In case of a donation, there is no tax.

Are my credit card details safe?

Yes. The payment is processed by STRIPE www.stripe.com entrusted also by Amazon, Zoom, Booking.com and used by other global NGOs and businesses in the world. We do not store your credit card details.

How modify or cancel my subscription?

At any moment you can manage your subscription and account details. Sign in to modify or cancel.

Andrzej Sadecki

Andrzej Sadecki is a Researcher part of the FATIGUE programme at UCL. He works on the politics of memory in the Hungarian context with the focus on the commemoration of the treaty of Trianon

Newsletter

Weekly updates with our latest articles and the editorial commentary.