Bulgaria’s Exception

Militant Illiberal Democracy

10 March 2019

Spasimir Domaradzki

Visegrad Insight Fellow

The embedded nature of undemocratic powers in Bulgaria sets it apart from the Central European countries

Examples of constitutional restrictions on political freedom in democracies include countries such as Germany and Poland, where with regards to Nazism and communism as well as the accompanying racial and ethnic hatred, the use of power to gain power or the creation of secret structures are forbidden. Such types of restrictions include most democratic constitutions including Bulgaria’s, which is highlighted in Art. 11.t.4 of the constitution.

Spreading his judgments on the basis of his observations in Hungary and Poland, Miles Maftean launched the hypothesis that today the instrument of militant democracies is in the hands of illiberal political elites who use the same militant logic towards their political opponents.

The situation in Sofia

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Spasimir Domaradzki

Visegrad Insight Fellow

Visegrad Insight Fellow. Researcher and lecturer at the Faculty of Political Science and International Studies of the University of Warsaw and Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Lazarski University in Warsaw.

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